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Protocological Architectures: Recursive Remembrance

How does computer programming impact the act of designing? Are digital protocols about to substitute human activity in the project of architecture, or does the human component remain an essential one - through changed paradigms? And if so, which paradigms should we refer to? Charles Driesler and Ahmad Tabbakh retrace these fundamental questions through some recent examples, and propose the application of a GAN protocol for the post-war reconstruction of Aleppo.

How Do Architects Approach Interior Design in China?

排列五直选遗漏since the beginning of modernism, countless architects have expressed their architectural theories and concepts through the design of residential interiors. in vanna venturi house, venturi exaggerated the scale of internal components to create a counterbalance to the small house, expressing complexity and contradiction. in villa mairea, alvar aalto built an ‘imperfect’ home, as a way of rebelling against the strict aesthetic standards of functionalism. 

conceptual and theoretical experimentation of housing interiors in china has had a delayed start due to political influences and differing pace of development. while the birth of communism lead to standardisation, rapid urbanisation and economic rebirth has provided the perfect catalyst for architects to challenge the status quo and conceptualise new definitions of interior and living. 

New York's Interiors: Apartments, Penthouses and Lofts in the US Capital

15 Union Square West / ODA Architecture + Perkins Eastman Architects. Image © Robert Granoff 15 Renwick / ODA New York. Image © Frank Oudeman 12th Street, Loft / Neil Logan Architect. Image © Dean Kaufman Tribeca Loft / Andrew Franz Architect. Image © Albert Vecerka/Esto + 63

one of the most important cities in the world –and the most populated in the united states of america–, new york is home to a great mix of cultures and history that has been shaped over the years, while art and architecture play a fundamental role in this development.

6 Airport Interiors that Enhance Traveling Experience

Fort Mcmurray International Airport / office of mcfarlane biggar architects + designers. Image: © Ema Peter
Fort Mcmurray International Airport / office of mcfarlane biggar architects + designers. Image: © Ema Peter

the architecture thought regarding the buildings with infrastructure programs tend, generally, to ponder its reflection in issues related to the site, flow organization, revitalization, and well-articulated uses, as these projects usually are connected to a great number of users and multiple simultaneous purposes. 

What are 'The Good, the Bad, & the Ugly' of Rooftop Solar Photovoltaic Systems?

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Courtesy of AEC Daily
Courtesy of AEC Daily

as concern grows regarding the contribution of fossil fuels to global warming, solar energy is an increasingly attractive power source due to its zero emissions and infinite supply. as builders turn to incorporate solar energy systems into their projects, many options are available to harness the power of the sun for commercial and industrial installations. while aec daily’s course on might not be a 1960s spaghetti western, it will guide you through the wild west of installation processes and options.

How Designing for Air Quality May Determine the Outcome of Your Meeting

排列五直选遗漏humans can survive for 30 days without eating, 3 days without drinking, yet only 3 minutes without breathing. of course our need for air is also constant, we rely on it at all times indoors and outdoors although can often be less clean than we would hope. unpleasant odors make us aware of bad air, but many irritants and unhealthy gases are not easily detectable by smell while still affecting our health. smells are the most obvious signal, as they are consciously perceived by the brain and nervous system, allowing us to make judgements about our environment.

Learn more about where poor indoor air quality comes from, why it's important to address within the built environment, and how to design for good indoor air quality and comfort.

© Vivek Muthuramalingam. ImageBiome Environmental Solutions © Javier Callejas. ImageAlberto Campo Baeza © Ishita Sitwala. ImageDesign Work Group  © Nelson Kon. ImageMipibu House / Terra e Tuma Arquitetos Associados. Image + 17

Adaptive Environments: Shaping Space Through Light & Color

With the aim of creating immersive environmental experiences in interior spaces, the design studio has developed Manta Ray Light, a lighting installation built with responsive RGB LED technology that mixes the colors red, green, and blue to generate more than 16 million light tones. By presetting its color spectrum, offering a range of brightness settings on a scale of 0.1 to 100%, and even loading images and videos into its internal memory, the system allows its user to add color and movement to expressive spaces, or deliver a feeling of warmth and concentration to intimate and private rooms.

Manta Ray Light from Aqua Creations. Image © Ross Belfer (Xhibition) Manta Ray Light from Aqua Creations. Image © Ross Belfer (Xhibition) Manta Ray Light from Aqua Creations. Image © Ross Belfer (Xhibition) Manta Ray Light from Aqua Creations. Image © Ross Belfer (Xhibition) + 6

Out of Office: How Workplaces Evolved from Cubicles to Coffee Shops

Courtesy of Herman Miller
Courtesy of Herman Miller

The year is 1985, you’re packing your briefcase to head to the office, where you’ll sit behind a desk to do some paperwork. Fast forward to 2020, and you’re having a conference call with the entire team from the coffee shop across the street. Relatively, not much has changed; work is still being completed by the end of the day, it’s just with a different scenery.

Employees nowadays are looking for something more than just a job behind a desk. They want to work in a dynamic, inspiring space that adds value to their knowledge and promotes their mental and physical well-being. But this wasn’t the case a century ago. Take a look at how offices evolved throughout the years, and what we can look forward to in the future.

The Rehabilitation of Post-War Housing Blocks in 7 Projects

排列五直选遗漏last year’s of the mies van der rohe award to a social housing refurbishment project brought into the spotlight a topic of interest for many european cities: the moral and physical rehabilitation of post-war housing blocks.

How to Design Schools and Interiors Based on Waldorf Pedagogy

introduced by rudolf steiner, waldorf pedagogy draws on the principles of . one of the theory's foundational characteristics is its holistic approach to the human being: feelings, imagination, spirit, and intellect are considered unique to every individual, and thoughts, feelings, and actions are understood to always be linked.

thus, the focus of the philosophy is to cultivate individuals who are capable of relating both to themselves and to society (inter and intrapersonal intelligence) - fundamental skills for overcoming the challenges of the 21st century. this kind of learning takes place in schools that follow steiner's method, introducing families to the school environment and bringing them into the community. below, we review the operations and implications of this pedagogy. 

Yellow Train School / Biome Environmental Solutions. Image © Vivek Muthuramalingam After-School Care Centre Waldorf School / MONO Architekten. Image © Gregor Schmidt Marecollege / 24H Architecture. Image Cortesia de Boris Zeisser Escola El Til·ler / Eduard Balcells + Tigges Architekt + Ignasi Rius Architecture. Image © Adrià Goula + 19

10 Timeless Interior Spaces From the 20th Century

The 20th century in the design world was a period of new ideology on building form, material explorations, and ultimately, the emergence of the modern architecture movement as we define it in the present day. The expression and experimentation of architects in this era resulted in interior spaces that are now considered to be “classics排列五直选遗漏”, due to their relevance and their long lasting effects that they have on the architectural discourse.

7 Movies in Which the Interiors Take on the Leading Role

The recent success of Parasite, the award winning film排列五直选遗漏 directed by South Korean director Bong Joon Ho, has created a conversation around the emphasis of architecture and interior spaces in movies. This particular film does an excellent job of blurring the boundaries between the two disciplinary fields, to the point where the architecture is not just the background of the set, but it has been placed at the forefront of the storyline, and takes on the leading role in many scenes.

Waiting Rooms, Reception Areas, & Courtyards: 43 Notable Examples of Hospital Architecture

© Tiago Casanova © Andrés Valbuena © Neave Bozorgi © JUNGLIM Architecture + 44

hospitals and projects related to healthcare must follow specific guidelines based on the rules and regulations of their country. these standards help us to design complex spaces, such as those located in areas of surgery, hospitalization, diagnostics, laboratories, and including areas and circulations that are clean, dirty, restricted or public, which create a properly functioning building.

there are a few spaces that we, as architects, can develop with great ease and freedom of design: waiting rooms, reception areas, and outdoor spaces. these are spaces where architects can express the character of the hospital. to jump-start you into this process, we have selected 43 projects that show us how creativity and quality of a space go hand-in-hand with functionality. 

What Is Interior Design (And Why Can It Really Make You Feel Better)?

If you don't like a specific musical style, the theater bores you, or you're not attracted to works of art, you can almost always avoid them. Architecture, however, is different. A poorly thought-out project will affect the lives of many people consistently and for a long time. With interiors, this effect is even more amplified. Humanity is spending more and more time indoors, which directly impacts our well-being and health. In periods of compulsory retirement, as in the current pandemic of Covid-19, we gain a sense of how important interior spaces are for our well-being and even for the prevention of diseases. Designing an indoor environment is a huge responsibility for a professional. An interior designer must plan, research, coordinate, and manage these projects to obtain an adequately healthy and aesthetically pleasing environment for the people who use the space. But what, in fact, is interior design?

Appartement Spectral / BETILLON / DORVAL‐BORY. Image Courtesy of BETILLON / DORVAL‐BORY The Enchanted Shed & Leopold House / Franz&Sue. Image © Andreas Buchberger Oficina do Arquiteto / Ruetemple. Image © Ruetemple Hey! A Lovely Tiny Space / A'Lentil Design. Image Courtesy of A'Lentil Design + 19

Tips for Choosing Comfortable and Enduring Exterior Furniture

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outdoor space, whether large or small, deck, porch or patio, is increasingly becoming the place to fully enjoy the seasons, almost an extension of the indoor space and, no matter what you call it, worthy of the same careful design consideration. outdoor furnishings, which have reached new heights in terms of performance and durability, have achieved the perfect blend of elegance and comfort. the challenge can lie in choosing just which furniture is the best fit for your outdoor space.

, a company with decades of experience in manufacturing high-end furniture, is now launching an that includes seating systems, sofas, armchairs, tables, chairs, and many accessories. the line features pieces from designers with whom has a history of collaborating, including antonio citterio, and outdoor reinterpretations of products designed by mario asnago and claudio vender. continue reading for a quick guide of possible factors for consideration when furnishing an exterior space, with examples from the flexform .

What to Expect from Interiors of the Future

In 2018, the UN released an stating that 55% of the world’s population already lived in urban areas, predicting that by 2050 this percentage would reach 68%. This trend toward greater urbanization carries with it several implications regarding environmental degradation and social inequality. According to , urban growth increases air pollution, endangers animal populations, promotes the loss of urban tree cover, and heightens the likelihood of environmental catastrophes such as flash flooding. These health hazards and catastrophic phenomena may be more likely to , as larger cities tend to demonstrate higher rates of economic inequality and uncontrolled growth tends to produce unequal distributions of space, services, and opportunities.

To mitigate these negative effects of urbanization, designers are increasingly prioritizing sustainability and the maximization of available space – allowing more people to occupy less space with a smaller footprint.

Courtesy of Seura Batipin Flat / studioWOK. Image © Federico Villa Casa da Escrita / João Mendes Ribeiro. Image © do mal o menos Studio 45 / Marston Architects. Image © Katherine Lu + 13

When Architecture Shows Solidarity with China Combating Coronavirus

Buildings show normally slow responses to current social issues. However, in the case of the Coronavirus排列五直选遗漏, dynamic media facades have started to send messages of empathy to the citizens of Wuhan. At first, the Chinese government used screens covering complete buildings to create powerful images of hope and solidarity. Later, some countries like the United Arab Emirates joined this effort while a majority of countries has not followed so far.

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